NEAT is NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies; an evolutionary algorithm devised
by Kenneth O. Stanley.
SharpNEAT is a complete implementation of NEAT written in C# and targeting .NET (on both MS Windows and Mono/Linux).
Genetic Art with SharpNEAT. Holger Ferstl created this SharpNEAT based application that evolves images by allowing a user to iteratively select their favourite from a page of candidate images.
Below is a selection of images created using this application; more images can be seen via Holger's blog post (via the above link).